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      MIME 參考手冊

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      發表于 2014-02-19 17:25 | 只看該作者 | 倒序瀏覽

      MIME 參考手冊

      MIME 類型

      MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) 是描述消息內容類型的因特網標準。

      MIME 消息能包含文本、圖像、音頻、視頻以及其他應用程序專用的數據。

      官方的 MIME 信息是由 Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) 在下面的文檔中提供的:

      • RFC-822 Standard for ARPA Internet text messages
      • RFC-2045 MIME Part 1: Format of Internet Message Bodies
      • RFC-2046 MIME Part 2: Media Types
      • RFC-2047 MIME Part 3: Header Extensions for Non-ASCII Text
      • RFC-2048 MIME Part 4: Registration Procedures
      • RFC-2049 MIME Part 5: Conformance Criteria and Examples

      不同的應用程序支持不同的 MIME 類型。

      下面的參考手冊是由 Microsoft Internet Information Server version 5 所支持的 MIME 類型列表。

      按照內容類型排列的 Mime 類型列表

      類型/子類型 擴展名
      application/envoy evy
      application/fractals fif
      application/futuresplash spl
      application/hta hta
      application/internet-property-stream acx
      application/mac-binhex40 hqx
      application/msword doc
      application/msword dot
      application/octet-stream *
      application/octet-stream bin
      application/octet-stream class
      application/octet-stream dms
      application/octet-stream exe
      application/octet-stream lha
      application/octet-stream lzh
      application/oda oda
      application/olescript axs
      application/pdf pdf
      application/pics-rules prf
      application/pkcs10 p10
      application/pkix-crl crl
      application/postscript ai
      application/postscript eps
      application/postscript ps
      application/rtf rtf
      application/set-payment-initiation setpay
      application/set-registration-initiation setreg
      application/vnd.ms-excel xla
      application/vnd.ms-excel xlc
      application/vnd.ms-excel xlm
      application/vnd.ms-excel xls
      application/vnd.ms-excel xlt
      application/vnd.ms-excel xlw
      application/vnd.ms-outlook msg
      application/vnd.ms-pkicertstore sst
      application/vnd.ms-pkiseccat cat
      application/vnd.ms-pkistl stl
      application/vnd.ms-powerpoint pot
      application/vnd.ms-powerpoint pps
      application/vnd.ms-powerpoint ppt
      application/vnd.ms-project mpp
      application/vnd.ms-works wcm
      application/vnd.ms-works wdb
      application/vnd.ms-works wks
      application/vnd.ms-works wps
      application/winhlp hlp
      application/x-bcpio bcpio
      application/x-cdf cdf
      application/x-compress z
      application/x-compressed tgz
      application/x-cpio cpio
      application/x-csh csh
      application/x-director dcr
      application/x-director dir
      application/x-director dxr
      application/x-dvi dvi
      application/x-gtar gtar
      application/x-gzip gz
      application/x-hdf hdf
      application/x-internet-signup ins
      application/x-internet-signup isp
      application/x-iphone iii
      application/x-javascript js
      application/x-latex latex
      application/x-msaccess mdb
      application/x-mscardfile crd
      application/x-msclip clp
      application/x-msdownload dll
      application/x-msmediaview m13
      application/x-msmediaview m14
      application/x-msmediaview mvb
      application/x-msmetafile wmf
      application/x-msmoney mny
      application/x-mspublisher pub
      application/x-msschedule scd
      application/x-msterminal trm
      application/x-mswrite wri
      application/x-netcdf cdf
      application/x-netcdf nc
      application/x-perfmon pma
      application/x-perfmon pmc
      application/x-perfmon pml
      application/x-perfmon pmr
      application/x-perfmon pmw
      application/x-pkcs12 p12
      application/x-pkcs12 pfx
      application/x-pkcs7-certificates p7b
      application/x-pkcs7-certificates spc
      application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp p7r
      application/x-pkcs7-mime p7c
      application/x-pkcs7-mime p7m
      application/x-pkcs7-signature p7s
      application/x-sh sh
      application/x-shar shar
      application/x-shockwave-flash swf
      application/x-stuffit sit
      application/x-sv4cpio sv4cpio
      application/x-sv4crc sv4crc
      application/x-tar tar
      application/x-tcl tcl
      application/x-tex tex
      application/x-texinfo texi
      application/x-texinfo texinfo
      application/x-troff roff
      application/x-troff t
      application/x-troff tr
      application/x-troff-man man
      application/x-troff-me me
      application/x-troff-ms ms
      application/x-ustar ustar
      application/x-wais-source src
      application/x-x509-ca-cert cer
      application/x-x509-ca-cert crt
      application/x-x509-ca-cert der
      application/ynd.ms-pkipko pko
      application/zip zip
      audio/basic au
      audio/basic snd
      audio/mid mid
      audio/mid rmi
      audio/mpeg mp3
      audio/x-aiff aif
      audio/x-aiff aifc
      audio/x-aiff aiff
      audio/x-mpegurl m3u
      audio/x-pn-realaudio ra
      audio/x-pn-realaudio ram
      audio/x-wav wav
      image/bmp bmp
      image/cis-cod cod
      image/gif gif
      image/ief ief
      image/jpeg jpe
      image/jpeg jpeg
      image/jpeg jpg
      image/pipeg jfif
      image/svg+xml svg
      image/tiff tif
      image/tiff tiff
      image/x-cmu-raster ras
      image/x-cmx cmx
      image/x-icon ico
      image/x-portable-anymap pnm
      image/x-portable-bitmap pbm
      image/x-portable-graymap pgm
      image/x-portable-pixmap ppm
      image/x-rgb rgb
      image/x-xbitmap xbm
      image/x-xpixmap xpm
      image/x-xwindowdump xwd
      message/rfc822 mht
      message/rfc822 mhtml
      message/rfc822 nws
      text/css css
      text/h323 323
      text/html htm
      text/html html
      text/html stm
      text/iuls uls
      text/plain bas
      text/plain c
      text/plain h
      text/plain txt
      text/richtext rtx
      text/scriptlet sct
      text/tab-separated-values tsv
      text/webviewhtml htt
      text/x-component htc
      text/x-setext etx
      text/x-vcard vcf
      video/mpeg mp2
      video/mpeg mpa
      video/mpeg mpe
      video/mpeg mpeg
      video/mpeg mpg
      video/mpeg mpv2
      video/quicktime mov
      video/quicktime qt
      video/x-la-asf lsf
      video/x-la-asf lsx
      video/x-ms-asf asf
      video/x-ms-asf asr
      video/x-ms-asf asx
      video/x-msvideo avi
      video/x-sgi-movie movie
      x-world/x-vrml flr
      x-world/x-vrml vrml
      x-world/x-vrml wrl
      x-world/x-vrml wrz
      x-world/x-vrml xaf
      x-world/x-vrml xof

      按照文件擴展名排列的 Mime 類型列表

      擴展名 類型/子類型
        application/octet-stream
      323 text/h323
      acx application/internet-property-stream
      ai application/postscript
      aif audio/x-aiff
      aifc audio/x-aiff
      aiff audio/x-aiff
      asf video/x-ms-asf
      asr video/x-ms-asf
      asx video/x-ms-asf
      au audio/basic
      avi video/x-msvideo
      axs application/olescript
      bas text/plain
      bcpio application/x-bcpio
      bin application/octet-stream
      bmp image/bmp
      c text/plain
      cat application/vnd.ms-pkiseccat
      cdf application/x-cdf
      cer application/x-x509-ca-cert
      class application/octet-stream
      clp application/x-msclip
      cmx image/x-cmx
      cod image/cis-cod
      cpio application/x-cpio
      crd application/x-mscardfile
      crl application/pkix-crl
      crt application/x-x509-ca-cert
      csh application/x-csh
      css text/css
      dcr application/x-director
      der application/x-x509-ca-cert
      dir application/x-director
      dll application/x-msdownload
      dms application/octet-stream
      doc application/msword
      dot application/msword
      dvi application/x-dvi
      dxr application/x-director
      eps application/postscript
      etx text/x-setext
      evy application/envoy
      exe application/octet-stream
      fif application/fractals
      flr x-world/x-vrml
      gif image/gif
      gtar application/x-gtar
      gz application/x-gzip
      h text/plain
      hdf application/x-hdf
      hlp application/winhlp
      hqx application/mac-binhex40
      hta application/hta
      htc text/x-component
      htm text/html
      html text/html
      htt text/webviewhtml
      ico image/x-icon
      ief image/ief
      iii application/x-iphone
      ins application/x-internet-signup
      isp application/x-internet-signup
      jfif image/pipeg
      jpe image/jpeg
      jpeg image/jpeg
      jpg image/jpeg
      js application/x-javascript
      latex application/x-latex
      lha application/octet-stream
      lsf video/x-la-asf
      lsx video/x-la-asf
      lzh application/octet-stream
      m13 application/x-msmediaview
      m14 application/x-msmediaview
      m3u audio/x-mpegurl
      man application/x-troff-man
      mdb application/x-msaccess
      me application/x-troff-me
      mht message/rfc822
      mhtml message/rfc822
      mid audio/mid
      mny application/x-msmoney
      mov video/quicktime
      movie video/x-sgi-movie
      mp2 video/mpeg
      mp3 audio/mpeg
      mpa video/mpeg
      mpe video/mpeg
      mpeg video/mpeg
      mpg video/mpeg
      mpp application/vnd.ms-project
      mpv2 video/mpeg
      ms application/x-troff-ms
      mvb application/x-msmediaview
      nws message/rfc822
      oda application/oda
      p10 application/pkcs10
      p12 application/x-pkcs12
      p7b application/x-pkcs7-certificates
      p7c application/x-pkcs7-mime
      p7m application/x-pkcs7-mime
      p7r application/x-pkcs7-certreqresp
      p7s application/x-pkcs7-signature
      pbm image/x-portable-bitmap
      pdf application/pdf
      pfx application/x-pkcs12
      pgm image/x-portable-graymap
      pko application/ynd.ms-pkipko
      pma application/x-perfmon
      pmc application/x-perfmon
      pml application/x-perfmon
      pmr application/x-perfmon
      pmw application/x-perfmon
      pnm image/x-portable-anymap
      pot, application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
      ppm image/x-portable-pixmap
      pps application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
      ppt application/vnd.ms-powerpoint
      prf application/pics-rules
      ps application/postscript
      pub application/x-mspublisher
      qt video/quicktime
      ra audio/x-pn-realaudio
      ram audio/x-pn-realaudio
      ras image/x-cmu-raster
      rgb image/x-rgb
      rmi audio/mid
      roff application/x-troff
      rtf application/rtf
      rtx text/richtext
      scd application/x-msschedule
      sct text/scriptlet
      setpay application/set-payment-initiation
      setreg application/set-registration-initiation
      sh application/x-sh
      shar application/x-shar
      sit application/x-stuffit
      snd audio/basic
      spc application/x-pkcs7-certificates
      spl application/futuresplash
      src application/x-wais-source
      sst application/vnd.ms-pkicertstore
      stl application/vnd.ms-pkistl
      stm text/html
      svg image/svg+xml
      sv4cpio application/x-sv4cpio
      sv4crc application/x-sv4crc
      swf application/x-shockwave-flash
      t application/x-troff
      tar application/x-tar
      tcl application/x-tcl
      tex application/x-tex
      texi application/x-texinfo
      texinfo application/x-texinfo
      tgz application/x-compressed
      tif image/tiff
      tiff image/tiff
      tr application/x-troff
      trm application/x-msterminal
      tsv text/tab-separated-values
      txt text/plain
      uls text/iuls
      ustar application/x-ustar
      vcf text/x-vcard
      vrml x-world/x-vrml
      wav audio/x-wav
      wcm application/vnd.ms-works
      wdb application/vnd.ms-works
      wks application/vnd.ms-works
      wmf application/x-msmetafile
      wps application/vnd.ms-works
      wri application/x-mswrite
      wrl x-world/x-vrml
      wrz x-world/x-vrml
      xaf x-world/x-vrml
      xbm image/x-xbitmap
      xla application/vnd.ms-excel
      xlc application/vnd.ms-excel
      xlm application/vnd.ms-excel
      xls application/vnd.ms-excel
      xlt application/vnd.ms-excel
      xlw application/vnd.ms-excel
      xof x-world/x-vrml
      xpm image/x-xpixmap
      xwd image/x-xwindowdump
      z application/x-compress
      zip application/zip

      來源:http://www.w3school.com.cn/media/media_mimeref.asp